List of courses

Exergy Economics 400 hrs


Knowledge in thermodynamics, economy, optimization and programming to solve exergy economic optimization problems for real processes.


Cost-benefit analysis. Taxes, subsidies and other governmental means. The exergy concept. Application to industrial processes and relation to the physical environment. Fundamental processes as heat exchanger and combustion equipment. Efficiencies of ideal and real processes. Cost functions for important unitary processes. Thermoeconomic accounting and optimization. Optimization with Langrange multipliers and relation to direct prices, shadow pricesand marginal prices. Different methods of optimization and their applications. Methods to optimize the design of heat exchangernetworks and systems that also contains other energy conversions, e.g., Pinch Technology and "Energy Utility Diagram". Application andevaluation of methods such as thermoeconomic accounting and optimization and also optimization of design on real processes. Exergonomics (Exergy Analysis) and Economical and Natural Environments.

An oral and written presentation of an exergy economicoptimization of a system.


Lectures, oral and written presentation at seminars. Certification will be graded failed (0), passed (3), passed not without distinction(4) passed with distinction (5).


Competence equal to 40 points Energy Engineering education or Exergetics 10 points.


Kenney, W. F., "Current practical applications of the second law of thermodynamics", Chemical Engineering Progress, Febr. (1989)

Stoecker, W. F., Ch. 1-3 from Design of Thermal Systems, 3rd ed.(1989)

Mechtly, E. A., The International System of Units, pp. 11-15(1973).

El-Sayed, Y. and Tribus, M., Introduction to Thermoeconomics, M.I.T. (1982)

Wall, G., "Thermoeconomic optimization of a heat pump system", Energy 11, 957-967 (1986) and International Journal of Refrigeration14, 336-340 (1991)

Wall, G. "Exergy Flows in Industrial Processes", ENERGY, Vol. 13,No. 2, pp. 197-208 (1988).

Gaggioli, R. A., ed., Efficiency and Costing, ACS, Ch. 1, 11, and13, (1983), Ch. 1: Gaggioli, R. A., "Second law analysis for process and energy engineering", Ch. 11: El-Sayed, Y. and Tribus, M., "Strategic use of thermoeconomics for system improvement" and Ch. 13:Garceau, R. M. and Wepfer, W. J., "Thermoeconomic Optimization of a Rankine Cycle Cogeneration System".

Edgar, T. F. and Himmelblau, D. M., Optimization of Chemical Processes, Ch. 10-14, Mc Graw Hill (1988)

Moran, M. J., Availability Analysis &endash; A Guide to Efficient Energy Use, Ch. 9, ASME (1989), Kotas, T. J., The exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis, Butterworth (1985), and Szargut, J., Morris, D. R., and Steward, F. R., Exergy Analysis of Thermal, Chemical, and Metalurgical Processes, Ch. 8, Hemisphere (1988).

Linnhoff, B. and Ahmed, S., "Super targeting: Optimum Synthesis of Energy Management Systems", Ahmed, S. and Linnhoff, B., "Super target: Optimization of a Chemical Solvents Plant-Different Process Structures for Different Economics", Linnhoff, B., "Pinch Technology for the Synthesis of Optimal Heat and Power Systems", and Wall ,G.,Chia-Chin Chuang and Masaru Ishida, "Exergy Study of the Kalina Cycle"


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Geometric Algebra and Mechanics 400hrs


This course should be of practical and theoretical interest to any physicist, engineer or mathematician concerned with classical mechanics.

Geometric algebra integrates conventional vector algebra (along with its established notations) into a system with all the advantages of quaternions and spinors. Thus, it increases the power of the mathematical language of classical mechanics while bringing it closer to the language of quantum mechanics. This course systematically develops purely mathematical applications of geometric algebra useful in physics, including extensive applications to linear algebra and transformation groups. It contains sufficient material for a course on mathematical topics alone.

Besides a reformulation of the mathematical foundations of mechanics, the course contains a detailed analysis and reformulation of the laws of mechanics from modern perspective of Modeling Theory. This should be of interest to people concerned with the philosophy of science.


Knowledge and understanding of geometric algebra with application to mechanics of a single particle, central forces and two-particle systems.


Origins of Geometric Algebra: Geometry as Physics; Numbers and Magnitude; Directed Numbers; The Inner Product; The Outer Product; Synthesis and Simplification; Axioms for Geometric Algebra.

Developments in Geometric Algebra: Basic Identities and Definitions; Algebra of Euclidean Plane; Algebra of Euclidean 3-Space; Directions, Projections and Angles; The Exponential Function; Analytic Geometry; Functions of a Scalar Variable; Directional Derivatives and Line Integrals.

Mechanics of a Single Particle: Newton's Program; Constant Force; Constant Force with Linear Drag; Constant Force with Quadratic Drag; Fluid Resistance; Constant Magnetic Field; Uniform Electric and Magnetic Fields; Linear Binding Force; Forced Oscillations; Conservative Forces and Constraints.

Central Forces and Two-Particle Systems: Angular Momentum; Dynamics from Kinematics; The Kepler Problem; The Orbit in Time; Conservative Central Forces; Two-Particle Systems; Elastic Collisions; Scattering Cross Sections.


Lectures, oral and written presentation at seminars. Certification will be graded failed (0), passed (3), passed not without distinction(4) passed with distinction (5).


Graduate student.


David Hestenes (1993) New Foundations for Classical Mechanics, Kluwer. ISBN 90-277-2526-8 FTP 15.


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Quality According to Deming 200 hrs


Knowledge and understanding of the work by W. Edwards Deming (1900-1993) in the field of quality management.


Biography. Deming's view of recent industrial history. The 14Points: create constancy of purpose, adopt the new philosophy, cease dependence on mass inspection, constantly and forever improve the system, remove barriers, drive out fear, break down barriers between departments, eliminate numerical goals, eliminate work standards, institute modern methods of supervision, institute modern methods of training, institute a program of education and retraining, end the practice of awarding business on price tag, put everybody to work to accomplish the transformation. Variation and the control of processes. The Deming cycle. Joy in learning. Cooperation. Profound knowledge.

Understanding the Deming philosophy - Revolution in thought. The processes of today's world: Detection and prevention. The processes of tomorrow's world: Continual improvement.

Operationalizing the Deming philosophy - Evolution in practice. Physical change, logical change and, emotional change.

Criticism of Deming's philosophy.


Oral and written presentation at seminars.


Author, Title, Publisher, Year


Aguayo Rafael, Dr Deming The Man Who Taught the Japanese About Quality, Mercury, 1990


Deming, W. Edwards, Statistical Adjustment of Data, Dover, 1938 & 1943


Deming, W. Edwards, Some Theory of Sampling, Dover, 1960


Deming, W. Edwards, Sample Design in Business Research, Wiley, 1960


Deming, W. Edwards, Out of the Crisis, Cambridge Univ. Press. 1982 & 1986


Deming, W. Edwards, The New Economics, MIT CAES, 1993


Nancy, R. Mann, The Keys to Excellence, Mercury, 1985, 1987 & 1989


Neave, Henry R., Deming's Road to Continual Improvement, SPC Press. 1990


Scherkenbach, William W., The Deming Route to Quality and Productivity, Mercury Press, 1986


William, W. Scherkenbach, The Deming Dimension, SPC Press. 1991


Tribus, Myron, "Deming's Way", Mechanical Engineering 110 1 26-30 (1988)


Tribus, Myron Quality First, NSPE # 1459 (1992)


Walton, Mary, The Deming Management Method, BPCWheatons, 1989


Papers from British Deming Association:


W1: A Perspective on Dr Deming's Theory of Profound Knowledge by Nicholas J Maruo


W2: The Germ Theory of Management by Myron Tribus


W3: Out of the Crisis with George, Mises, and Deming by Ian Lambert


W4: Learning and Leadership


A1: A Brief History of W Edwards Deming by Henry R Neave


A2: Deming's 14 Points for Management by Henry R Neave


A3: Toward Implementation of the Deming Approach by the BDA Implementation Research Group


A4: Why SPC? by Henry R Neave


A5: The Role of the Coordinator by the BDA Implementation Research Group


A6: Profound Knowledge by Henry R Neave


A7: The Buyer's Guide to Single Sourcing by the BDA Customer-Supplier Relationships Group


A8: Performance Appraisal and All That! by the BDA Performance Appraisal Research Group


A9: A System of Profound Knowledge by Henry R Neave


A10: Deming Speaks to European Executives by Henry R Neave


A11: Operational Definitions by Malcom Gall with the BDA Statistics Research Group


A12: Beyond ISO 9000 by the BDA ISO 9000 Research Group


A13: From Theory to Strategy by the BDA Implementation Research Group


A14: Quality in Sales by by the BDA Sales and Marketing Research Group


A15: The Experiment on Red Beads by Henry R Neave


A16: How SPC? by Henry R Neave


Material produced at the Department



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Renewable Resources 200 hrs


Knowledge of the present energy and resource use situation, alternative resource use and other measures as conservation and planning to find better solutions for future resource use in the society. To give training in writing, presenting and reviewing an engineering paper.


A historic and global perspective on present resource use, especially energy resources. Energy policies and different participants on the energy market. A systematic description of the resource use in terms of exergy. Natural resources as sunlight, biomass, wind, hydro, osmos and waves. Ways of storing energy and efficient energy converters as heat pumps. Energy conservation: possibilities, economy, subsidies, management and maintenance.

An oral and written presentation of an appropriate study.


Lectures, oral and written presentation at seminars. Certification will be graded failed (0), passed (3), passed not without distinction(4) passed with distinction (5).


Wall, G., Renewable Resources, (1994)
De Montfort L., Twidell J. & Weir T., Renewable Energy Resources, Spon, N. Y., 1986 (ISBN 0-419-12010-6)


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Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics 200 hrs


Knowledge and understanding of classical equilibrium thermodynamics in terms of statistical mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution law and the partition function and statistical mechanics of quantum phenomena.


Classical equilibrium thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. The Boltzmann’s distribution for a small system in thermal equilibrium with a heat reservoir. The partition function and thermodynamics. Thermodynamic functions, e. g. Helmholtz free energy, enthalpy, Gibbs free energy, and equilibrium. Heat and work cycles. Negative temperatures. Planck’s radiation law. The heat capacity of insulating solid. The grand canonical distribution. The Fermi - Dirac and Bose - Einstein distributions. Information theory.


Lectures, oral and written presentation at seminars. Certification will be graded failed (0), passed (3), passed not without distinction(4) passed with distinction (5).


Rosser, W. G. V., An Introduction to Statistical Physics, Ellis Hoorwood (1993).

M. Alonso, E. J. Finn, Physics, Addison-Wesley (1992), Ch. 17.

Tribus, M., "Information Theory as the Basis for Thermostatics and Thermodynamics", ASME, Journal of Applied Mechanics, March 1961,1-8.

Tribus, M., "Information and Thermodynamics: Bridging the Two Cultures", J. Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, Vol 11, Nos. 3-4,247-259 (1986).

Costa de Beauregard, O. and Tribus, M., "Information Theory and Thermodynamics", Helvetica Physica Acta, V47, 238-247 (1974).

Tribus, M. and McIrvine, E. C., Energy and Information, Scientific American, Vol 225, No. 3, September 1971, 179-188.

Tribus, M. and Evans, R. B., "A Minimal Statistical Mechanics From Which Classical Thermostatics May Be Derived", A critical Review of Thermodynamics, Stuart, E. B. Gal-Or, B., and Brainard, A. J.editors, MONO BOOK Copr, Baltimore (1970).

Tribus, M., "Generalizing the Meaning of 'Heat'", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol 11, 9-14, Pergamon Press(1968).


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